8 D Problem Solving

8 D Problem Solving-56
And that kind of engagement—the kind where people take personal ownership of quality—is only possible when people can see that their actions have an impact.

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If the problem has multiple dimensions, perform steps D4 through D6 until you can verify your corrective actions have addressed the problem as a whole.

Many companies rush to close the file on corrective actions, but real change only happens when you apply lessons learned to other areas to prevent future problems.

Defining the problem could mean a to observe the problem on the shop floor, analyzing quality data and/or using is/is-not analysis to more precisely define the issue.

As much as possible, try to describe and quantify the problem in terms of: Temporary containment minimizes the impact of the problem while you develop permanent solutions, and is especially important where product quality or safety is at risk.

Sorting mixed parts or cleaning up a mess addresses only the symptoms of the problem, not its root cause.

The result: repeat problems, rising costs and potential loss of business. It’s a tool that’s stood the test of time, becoming the main problem-solving method used in the company, today called Global 8D.Even though the 8D approach has been around for more than thirty years, many companies still struggle with ineffective problem-solving and weak implementation of corrective action.This overview looks at 8D best practices and pitfalls to avoid, helping manufacturers better understand how to use the method to address nonconformances and reduce risk.Before you take any action to solve the problem, you need a plan to identify the appropriate people and resources for the job.Management needs to be an active participant in verifying implementation of corrective actions.That means they need to be a visible presence both on the shop floor and in regular reviews of key performance indicators (KPIs) to measure effectiveness.During World War II the 8D Method was used in Team Oriented Problem Solving (TOPS) in the United States under Military Standard 1520.It was later used and popularized by car manufacturer Ford.Whether it’s a financial bonus, special event or simply mentioning the team in a meeting or newsletter, this step is critical to building a culture of quality.Because at its core, quality culture requires active participation from top management to front-line operators.


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