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I did this, and sometimes there were runs of 3 or 4 of the "same answer" on a quiz, purely by chance.Rule of thumb: "Pick a word which you remember was related to the topic." To defeat this strategy: when drawing up distracters (wrong answers) use terminology from the same area of the text as the right answer, but in distracters use those words incorrectly so the wrong answers are clearly wrong.
The rationale is the same as the rationale for using forced choice procedures in studying sensory perception: they eliminate response bias (a tendency to say Yes or No more frequently).
The whole point of testing is to encourage learning.
Study questions can encourage a superficial approach .
Well constructed questions, defined here as questions requiring real comprehension of the material, do not reward superficial forms of studying such as skimming.
Sometimes people criticize this as "teaching the test,", but what is the alternative?
Surprising students by asking questions they never realized they were expected to answer?selfquiz/aboutq.html], is about writing multiple choice questions that are fair but hard to guess.It might be of interest to my students—for example, to warn them away from the usual guessing strategies discussed below—or to visiting educators. Multiple choice questions are widely scorned as "multiple guess" questions.When these are eliminated, learning the material becomes the easiest way to pass a quiz.Rule of thumb: "Do not pick the same alternative more than twice in a row." To defeat this strategy: use randomly generated answer positions.If students can guess the answers to a test, they will not study for it.To motivate students to study and learn, one must design quiz items that are not easily guessed without good studying.When options like are included in multiple choice items, students are put in the position of making True/False evaluations.Better to have four or five alternatives with only one correct.The more a person knows about a subject matter, the easier it is to make arguments in favor of answers somebody else might regard as wrong. Often the truth value of an isolated statement is quite debatable!It all depends on how it is interpreted, the definition of a key term, or complexities of context.