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Moreover, such an approach completely ignores the role of imagination and theorizing a hypothesis.Many great discoveries in history were made by those who imagined a particular idea and proceeded to test it, and not vice versa.
This section will cover the major propositions found in Bacon’s works, namely the idols of the mind, the distempers of learning, classification of knowledge and Baconian induction.
Bacon believed that by virtue of being human, the mind had some inherent faults, which must be corrected if we are to engage in any sort of true and meaningful learning.
Bacon’s approach to induction was rather different.
He believed in going from very specific to general, over a rigorous period of research to confirm a hypothesis.
They cover topics drawn from both public and private life, and in each case the essays cover their topics systematically from a number of different angles, weighing one argument against another.
A much-enlarged second edition appeared in 1612 with 38 essays.Another, under the title Essayes or Counsels, Civill and Morall, was published in 1625 with 58 essays.Translations into French and Italian appeared during Bacon's lifetime.Depending on each person’s unique experiences, relationships to the world and to others and their exposure to particular disciplines, they develop these idols resulting as a sum of their life’s experiences.These idols involve a tendency to view things with regard to the discipline we have been trained in, and use this narrow understanding of the world to reduce all phenomena down to their own perception.For example: a philosopher will see all of nature’s phenomena as questionable and will attempt to find purpose. Idols of the Marketplace: The marketplace refers to the communications between men, or as Bacon put “association of men with each other.” The tools that contribute to the existence of these idols are words and language.We either assign abstract terms or give name to things that exist only in our minds. Ironically, words were created so humans could express themselves, but this distemper prevents us from doing so. Idols of the Theatre: This is again a set of idols, which are learnt by us through our respective culture, a practice acquired by humans through socialization and cultural exposure.Bacon's genius as a phrase-maker appears to great advantage in the later essays.In Of Boldness he wrote, "If the Hill will not come to Mahomet, Mahomet will go to the hill", which is the earliest known appearance of that proverb in print.If one shirt at a particular store does not match the condition, then the survey work done before does not go to waste.Instead, the researcher merely concludes that only store X and Y sell clean and hole free clothing. However, there were criticisms to this method, with contemporary thinkers questioning just how much research is needed before making a general conclusion.