Behavioral And Social Learning Theories Essay

Behavioral And Social Learning Theories Essay-4
Learners observe different behaviors and try to adopt those behaviors, if any of the learned behaviors bring desirable results; those behaviors stay with the learner.For example if in a classroom a student gets teacher’s attention by answering the questions and receives good grades, the behavior is followed by other students.Some of the things people learn appear in their behavior immediately, some other things people learn affect their behavior at a later time, and some of the things people learn from others never influence their behaviors (Ormrod, 2011).

Learners observe different behaviors and try to adopt those behaviors, if any of the learned behaviors bring desirable results; those behaviors stay with the learner.For example if in a classroom a student gets teacher’s attention by answering the questions and receives good grades, the behavior is followed by other students.Some of the things people learn appear in their behavior immediately, some other things people learn affect their behavior at a later time, and some of the things people learn from others never influence their behaviors (Ormrod, 2011).

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The three major contributors to the cognitive learning theories were Jean Piaget, Edward Tolman, and Albert Bandura.

In this paper, I will evaluate the work of all three theorists, demonstrate an understanding of the theory, and explain how the theory can be applied to our current educational environment.

It begins with discussing Pavlov 's theory of classical conditioning, and Skinner 's theory of operant conditioning.

The studies conducted by these two psychologists greatly contributed to our understanding of behavioral and social theories of learning. There are a few different kinds of reinforcers, primary, secondary, positive, and negative. The first day of class rather than going over a list of rules that I have come up with, I plan on having my students come up with their own classroom guidelines as a class.

The students are learning about the printing press by listening to their partner and when it is the turn of the other partner in the group, he or she is trying to express the same ideas in a different or better way (4th Grade, Canoga Park, n.d.).

Learning is an internal process that may or may not lead to a behavior change.These experiments are what led to the theory of latent learning. Of course they ran the maze with fewer errors after they received their reward.To Tolman, this meant they had learned during no reward and developed a “cognitive map” of the maze after they received their reward. An example of this would be us knowing how to get to work, school, or home.Social cognitive theory is a perspective that helps us understand about learning by observing other people doing the same thing.This theory is a blend of behaviorism and cognitive psychology (Ormrod, 2011).Tolman developed six different kinds of learning: (Olson & Hergenhahn, 2009).(1) Cathexes- our learned tendency to associate certain objects with certain drive states.The gestalt theory was founded by three men, Max Wertheimer, Wolfgang Kohlu, and Kurt Koffka.Wertheimer conducted several experiments, using a He believed that the whole behavior of a person had to be studied.(4) Filed expectancies-we learn what leads to what.Social Cognitive Theory of Learning Social cognitive theory of learning is a theoretical perspective that focuses on learning by observing others and eventually assuming control over one’s own behavior (Ormrod, 2011, p.323).

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