because brief information about the source, usually the author's name, year of publication, and page number, is enclosed in parentheses as follows: MLA style: (Smith 263) APA style: (Smith, 2013, p.
263) Parenthetical notes are inserted into the text of the paper at the end of a sentence or paragraph:, as follows: These note numbers are associated with full citations that can appear as footnotes (bottom of page), endnotes (end of chapter or paper), or lists of cited references at the end of the paper.
Occasionally, you will use direct quotes from another source, but most of the time you will be paraphrasing the work.
You will need to create a bibliography or reference list of all of the sources that you use, but you will also need to indicate within the text where your information came from.
For example, a psychologist will be aware of pavlovian conditioning, so you do not need to reference that if it from your own head. There are a number of ways in which you can reference the source, but most are based upon variations of MLA and APA style.
Check with your supervisor which exact technique you should be using, and be consistent.
There are a few variations, especially with electronic information, but they all follow the same basic structure.
If the author has written more than one paper in the same year, then you can use an alphabetical appendix: The other difficulty is when there is no author mentioned, and the source was written by an organization.
Most of your introduction, and much of your discussion, involve building upon the research of others, placing your research project in the context of previous findings in the field.
It is perfectly acceptable to quote the work of others and, in fact, it is essential that you do so.