First, during the 1980s and 1990s there was a shift in thought taking place in Canada regarding the method used to govern areas with high indigenous populations.
Since the Indian Act had been put in place, traditional forms of government had fallen by the wayside and had essentially disappeared from Canadian Indigenous communities.
The document listed principles over which the parties should reach agreement.
When John Amagoalik introduced this document to the new DIAND Minister, Hugh Faulkner, in December 1977 in Iqaluit, John said, "The 1976 proposal was a lawyer's agreement; this one is from the people." At its Annual General Meeting in Igloolik in September 1979, the Inuit Land Claims Commission, chaired by John Amagoalik, presented a discussion paper called that explained in more detail the position of the Inuit negotiating team.
On that same day Peter Ittinuar crossed the floor of the House of Commons to join the Liberal government.
Creation Of Nunavut Essay
These defining steps opened the way to the creation of Nunavut, a new Canadian territory, on April 1John Amagoalik When we first presented our Nunavut proposal to the Government of Canada, they indicated that they did not want to deal with political development at the land claims table. We made it very clear that we could not sign any agreement that did not include the commitment to create Nunavut. But we agreed to start negotiating the details of the land claims agreement while we were pursuing Nunavut through the political arena.
Covering roughly the part of the Canadian mainland and Arctic Archipelago that lies to the north and northeast of the treeline, Nunavut is the largest and northernmost territory of Canada and the fifth largest administrative division in the world.
Nunavummiut live in 25 communities spread across this vast territory, with the largest number, 7,740 (2016 census), in the capital, Iqaluit.
The creation of Nunavut in 1999 (the region was previously part of the Northwest Territories) represented the first major change to the political map of Canada since the incorporation of Newfoundland into Confederation in 1949.
Beyond changing the internal political boundaries of Canada, Nunavut’s formation represented a moment of great political significance; through political activism and long-term negotiations, a small, marginalized Indigenous group overcame many obstacles to peacefully establish a government that they controlled within the Canadian state, thereby gaining control of their land, their resources and their future.