Deviance is behavior that violates norms and rules of society, and crime is a type of deviant behavior that violates the formal criminal law.
Criminology is the study of crime from a scientific perspective.
Social stigmas are attributes that are socially devalued.
Substance abuse includes alcohol and drug abuse but is not limited to these two forms.
All of Jane’s friends have jewelry and new clothes, but she had no money to buy them.
She therefore resorted to shoplifting to get what she wanted.Functionalist theory sees both deviance and crime as functional for the society because it affirms what is acceptable by defining what is not.Structural strain theory, a type of functionalist theory, predicts that societal inequalities actually force and compel the individual into deviant and criminal behavior.According to Merton’s theory, her behavior is an example of…Discuss how members of a military unit could openly bring themselves to commit murder against some individuals and not feel any sense of deviance or criminal wrongdoing for the act.Conflict theory explains deviance and crime as a consequence of unequal power relationships and inequality in society.Symbolic interaction theory explains deviance and crime as the result of meanings people give to various behaviors.Sociological studies of crime analyze the various types of crimes, such as elite crime, organized crime, corporate crime, and personal and property crimes.Many types of crimes are underreported, such as rape and certain elite and corporate crimes.What theory of deviance is guiding Hank’s research?An attorney, pleading leniency for his guilty client, asks the judge to take into consideration his client’s unfortunate background, including child abuse and abandonment, before passing sentence.