(See handout on figurative language for more info.) Metaphor- a direct comparison: Life is a journey. Simile-a comparison with like or as: Life is like a journey. Personification- giving words lifelike qualities: The music danced in my ears. Adjectives are words that describe people, places, things, and ideas. Last Modified 11/15/17 Rule 5: The details in the body of a descriptive paper are most likely arranged spatially.
(See handout on parts of speech for more information). To guide the reader, you may use prepositions like “next to,” “in front of,” “below,” “at the back,” etc.
They might notice the sun slanting through the dining room windows, and keep moving forward until they come across a note taped to the fridge.
In this kind of descriptive writing, the focus of organization is the movement through space, as the ideas or images the writer wants to reveal become clear through the physical movement of the narrator.
They can proceed through your scene in chronological order, moving through time as they see events unfold.
They might take a bite and chew the overcooked eggs in your breakfast sandwich, and then proceed to step into your work trousers one leg at a time.
They might follow your footsteps on the fateful day when you discovered that your office was relocated to the sixteenth floor, which was bad enough, except when you pushed the button you discovered the elevator was broken.
Near ten o'clock you finally made it to the top of the of stairs, only to realize your building only has fifteen floors.
Know your options, so you can choose a way to reveal your scene purposefully.
Your reader has stepped into your world and closed the door behind them.