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In our hospital least requirement for blood units (0.7%, n=93) was from department of ENT during the study period (Figure 3 and Table 1).
Inappropriate transfusion practices can lead to serious consequences for recipients including transmission of infectious agents .
In developing countries there are limited resources of blood and increasing demand, hence it is necessary to make an efficient use of blood .
Results: Total blood units collections were 13,378. Whole blood was the most utilized product followed by PRBC, FFP and least utilized product was platelet concentrates.
Gynaecological wards were the Major benefited from the blood supply in this study.
Present study was a retrospective study carried out in our blood bank, Karnataka institute of medical sciences, Hubballi over a period of 1 year from January 2015 to December 2015.
We collected data of monthly collection and utilization of blood and blood components from the record books in the blood bank. We also studied utilization of blood and its products by department of surgery, orthopaedics, ENT and gynaecological specialities and non-surgical specialities like medicine, nephrology and neurology.
Conclusion: Formulation of strict guidelines for transfusion practices will improve the appropriate use of precious resource.
Periodic evaluation of utilization pattern, demand for different blood products also helps to maintain the blood stock. Until now there is no effective substitute for blood.
Other causes were sub optimal collection of blood because of donor disapproval and expiry of the shelf life (Figures 1 and 2).
Majority of the blood units were supplied to the department of Gynaecology which accounted for 2575 (20.5%) units, followed by department of medicine which received 2085 (16.6%) units.