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Understanding intention requires imagining the situation from the others' point of view.In effect, others are a mirror in which we can see ourselves.Charles Horton Cooley (1902-1983) coined the term looking glass self, which means self-image based on how we think others see us.
Circumstantial evidence supporting the social pre-wiring hypothesis can be revealed when examining newborns' behavior.
Newborns, not even hours after birth, have been found to display a preparedness for social interaction.
The sixth stage, young adulthood, is when young people gain insight to life when dealing with the challenge of intimacy and isolation.
In stage seven, or middle adulthood, people experience the challenge of trying to make a difference (versus self-absorption).
The final stage is the generalized other, which refers to widespread cultural norms and values we use as a reference for evaluating others.
Behaviorism makes claims that when infants are born they lack social experience or self.The theory questions whether there is a propensity to socially oriented action already present before birth.Research in the theory concludes that newborns are born into the world with a unique genetic wiring to be social.Socialization is thus both a cause and an effect of association.Lawrence Kohlberg studied moral reasoning and developed a theory of how individuals reason situations as right from wrong.Socialization may lead to desirable outcomes—sometimes labeled "moral"—as regards the society where it occurs.Individual views are influenced by the society's consensus and usually tend toward what that society finds acceptable or "normal".The second stage is toddlerhood where children around the age of two struggle with the challenge of autonomy versus doubt.In stage three, preschool, children struggle to understand the difference between initiative and guilt.The social pre-wiring hypothesis refers to the ontogeny of social interaction.Also informally referred to as, "wired to be social".