Essay About Constructivism

Essay About Constructivism-17
Furthermore, constructivists have offered additional insights in the forces behind state power, by adding that they go beyond material capacities as stressed by realism and also encompass ideational dimensions (Fierke, 2016).

Furthermore, constructivists have offered additional insights in the forces behind state power, by adding that they go beyond material capacities as stressed by realism and also encompass ideational dimensions (Fierke, 2016).While constructivism cannot be classified as a homogenous theory, all forms share a commitment to “human consciousness and its role in international life” (Ruggie as cited in Barnett, 2013, p. One relevant distinction is to be made between conventional and critical constructivism.

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The latter opposes the positivism and rationalism of mainstream theories and is more closely affiliated with critical social theory, while conventional constructivism distances itself from critical theory (Reus-Smit, 2005).

Conventional constructivism furthermore maintains its accordance with rationalism in epistemological or methodological questions.

The construction of identity as a social practice in which intersubjective processes shape how actors see themselves and others, is a crucial element of inquiry for constructivist theorists.

Identities are further intimately tied to cultural, historical, political and social contexts (Hopf, 1998, p. Constructivism emphasizes the structural character of shared ideas, values and beliefs as constituting ideational and normative structures, which give meaning to material structures (Reus-Smit, 2009, p. Constructivists hold that, in the absence of ideational structures, exercises of power fail in acquiring meaning.

Within constructivism, the use of language is seen as fundamentally social, where speech acts do not only give humans the possibility to communicate, but also teach them how to act in the world.

Language is essential to the creation of norms and meaning and therefore provides the basis for the construction of identity (Fierke, 2016).

Third, the commonalities between the competing explanations of the populist appeal are elucidated.

Lastly, I consider what additional insights can be won from a realist perspective of the problem statement.

Such structures, however, are mutually constructed by the identities of the actors they serve to create, as Reus-Smit notes, since the maintaining and transforming of ideational structures is dependent on practices of individuals within them (2009).

Critical constructivism further acknowledges alienation as “driving the need for identity” and thus emphasizes the need of an “other” to construct one’s own identity (Hopf, 1998, p. Lastly, in contrast with assumptions made by mainstream approaches, actor’s interests are not predetermined but instead informed by identities.

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