Old Major’s Vision Old Major, an ancient boar on Mr.
Jones’s Manor Farm, gathers all of the animals together to tell them of a vision that he had.
When Boxer dies, Napoleon sells his body to the glue maker.
Napoleon subsequently begins breaking every rule on the barn wall, but Squealer, his publicity spokesman, explains everything away with smooth talk.
Like most dictators, he focuses on the young, represented by the pack of dogs Napoleon raises into vicious beasts, ready to harm or kill anyone who speaks out against him.
He takes others’ ideas and claims them as his own, which is why he has to rearrange history in order to claim that the windmill was his idea, not Snowball’s.Napoleon Napoleon is one of the two pigs who profess to carry on Old Major’s dream.When Napoleon’s dogs drive Snowball off the farm, Napoleon becomes the new “ruler" and proceeds to break every rule of Animalism.Jones off the farm, which is subsequently renamed “Animal Farm." They develop several laws about the equality of animals and the inferiority of human practices and write them on the wall of the barn.Snowball and Napoleon disagree on several issues, including whether Animal Farm should build a windmill to generate their own electricity, thus making them more self-sufficient.Nevertheless, he teaches the rest of the animals to read, develops the idea of the windmill to make the farm more self sufficient, and avoids violence.Although Orwell depicts Snowball in a more positive light than Napoleon, Snowball obviously looks down on the other animals and is attempting to gain more power than Napoleon throughout most of the book.When Old Major’s vision, later called “Animalism," was put into practice, the pigs in charge took over and became selfish and violent, twisting the philosophy until it barely contained an echo of the original intent.The same thing happened with communism, as Stalin left much of the country penniless and helpless, and put people to death if they showed the slightest resistance to his regime.Although Orwell portrays him as intellectually slow, his physical power and extreme dedication make up for his lack of mental ability.As a symbol of the working class, Boxer eventually meets his downfall when Napoleon sells him to a glue maker, which shows how the loyalty of the working class is only matched by the leadership’s betrayal of that loyalty.