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The problems vary from child to child, but the defects are irreversible. Alcohol consumption during pregnancy can have numerous adverse health consequences for the developing fetus, including fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and alcohol-related effects, and therefore is a significant public health problem.
The kinds of problems they have depend on which type of FASD they have.
The problems could include Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is the most serious type of FASD.
People with fetal alcohol syndrome have facial abnormalities, including wide-set and narrow eyes, growth problems and nervous system abnormalities.
Diagnosing FASD can be hard because there is no medical test for it.
To prevent FASDs, you should not drink alcohol while you are pregnant, or when you might get pregnant.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Medline Plus links to health information from the National Institutes of Health and other federal government agencies.Alcohol can harm your baby at any stage during a pregnancy.That includes the earliest stages, before you even know you are pregnant.The health care provider will make a diagnosis by looking at the child's signs and symptoms, and will ask whether the mother drank alcohol during pregnancy. There is no cure for FASDs, but treatments can help.These include medicines to help with some symptoms, medical care for health problems, behavior and education therapy, and parent training.Drinking during pregnancy can cause a group of conditions called fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs).Children who are born with FASD can have a mix of problems, such as medical, behavioral, educational, and social problems.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention state that “FASDs are 100% preventable.If a woman doesn’t drink alcohol while she is pregnant, the child cannot have an FASD.” When a pregnant mother drinks alcohol, her unborn baby does too.Listed below are the possible characteristics and behaviors found in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder stated in Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: • Abnormal facial features, such as smooth ridge between nose and upper lip • Small head size • Shorter than average height • Low body weight • Poor coordination • Hyperactive behavior • Difficulty paying attention • Poor memory • Difficulty in school (especially with math) • Learning disabilities • Speech and language delays • Intellectual disability or low IQ • Poor reasoning and judgment skills • Sleep and sucking problems as a baby • Vision and hearing problems • Problems with heart, kidney, or bones Children also have problems with feeding and are very irritable.Sleeping and eating are so irregular that it is hard for the baby to be cared for, and can also cause a problem with the bonding with the mother.