Essay On Higher Education In Bihar

The teacher shortage is mostly in primary school, with one teacher for every 36 students, India’s lowest rate after Uttar Pradesh, according to the U-DISE Flash Statistics 2015-16.The Indian average pupil teacher ratio in primary school is 23.

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Bihar’s median age, at 20, is India’s lowest – the Indian average is 26.6.

Reading levels in Bihar government primary schools declined over five years and improved in private schools, according to the Annual Status of Education Report–Trends Over Time Report (2006-14); not an encouraging sign, since 90% of all Bihar schools are run by the government.

Of those in primary school, barely 85% made it to upper primary school in 2014-15, the third lowest proportion in India after Nagaland and Uttar Pradesh, according to Unified-District Information System For Education data.

No more than 38% students enrolled in Class 1 complete their secondary education (Class 10) in Bihar, according to the Bihar Economic Survey 2015-16.

Bihar has 37.3% fewer teachers than it needs in elementary school (Class 1 to Class 8), and is short of 2,78,602 teachers, according to our analysis based on Right to Education Act criteria, which stipulates a pupil teacher ratio of 30:1 in primary schools (Class 1 to Class 5) and 35:1 in upper primary school (Class 6 to Class 8).

Of six million teaching positions in government schools nationwide, about 9,00,000 elementary school teaching positions and 1,00,000 in secondary school – put together, a million – are vacant, as reported last month according to an answer given in the Lok Sabha (lower house of Parliament).“There is an acute shortage of engineering, medical and polytechnic institutions in the state, compelling a vast majority of the youth to migrate to other states,” he said.To attain the national level, the state needs additional 373 general colleges (arts, science and commerce), 236 engineering colleges, 139 medical colleges, 253 education colleges and 163 polytechnics.By 2020, India will have the world’s largest working population – 869 million – but an analysis of these four states – with 43.6% of India’s school-age population between the age of five and 14 – revealed that India is unprepared to educate and train its young population.Bihar is India’s third-most populous state, with 99 million people; its literacy rate (61.8%) is the country’s lowest; and the female literacy rate (51.5%) second lowest, according to Census 2011.Educationists say that so far as access to higher education is concerned, Bihar is way behind other states.As many as 25 districts out of 38 in Bihar are educationally backward.But, not a single model college could be established so far.The state government’s scheme of increasing the number of universities has also not materialised so far.Sinha said instead of wasting its energy on pay verification and other futile exercises, the state government should concentrate on improving the infrastructure of the existing colleges and universities, starting model institutions of higher education and initiating the process of appointment of teachers against vacant posts.“Unless our institutions are made globally competitive, students would continue to migrate to other states,” he added.


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