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The offensive was planned late in 1915 and was intended as a joint French-British attack.The French Commander in Chief, Joffre, conceived the idea as a battle of attrition, the aim being to drain the German forces Haig took over responsibility from Joffre for the planning and execution of the attack.
The fighting soldiers saw muddy, dirty and filthy trenches littered with the waste of the war.
Inside the trenches there were cart wheels, barbed wires, bodies of the dead soldiers, and human parts scattered everywhere. Some soldiers reported that there were rats as big as cats.
The head of the French Army, General Fock, and some leading British commanders did not believe this battle would help, but political masters in London and Paris supported the campaign.
For many years The Battle of the Somme received much criticism for the way the battle was fought based on the number of casualties.
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During World War 1, on the Western Front, many Battles such as the Battle of the Somme, the living conditions sustained by soldiers, heroes who would risk their lives and sometimes loose them for their country, and the leaders that devised the plans to destroy the triple alliance drove the entente forces to victory in the western front.He was a hard person to get to know and seemed to have no concern for the human suffering caused by the war.His colleagues found him strange because of his spiritual practices and religious beliefs.The Battle of Somme was fought between the 1st of July and 13th of November 1916 in northern France. The aim of the attack was to break through the German lines and force the German army to surrender.This Battle was coordinated by General Sir Douglas Haig.This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service.You can view samples of our professional work here.1,500 British guns, together with a similar number of French guns, were employed in the bombardment.Following the artillery bombardment, it was determined that a creeping barrage would precede the advancing infantry to the German front line, and onwards to the second and third trench lines.The Royal Artillery had prepared an underground network of telephone cables so as to enable forward observation officers to monitor and correct the barrage as the battle progressed.The British launched The Battle of the Somme to achieve two objectives.