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Participants were then asked to estimate the number on their own again to find whether their initial estimates had altered based on the influence of the majority.Jenness then interviewed the participants individually again, and asked if they would like to change their original estimates, or stay with the group's estimate.A person publicly changes their behavior to fit in with the group, while also agreeing with them privately. This is most likely to occur when the majority have greater knowledge, and members of the minority have little knowledge to challenge the majority position.
Each person in the group had to say aloud how far they thought the light had moved.: Sherif found that over numerous estimates (trials) of the movement of light, the group converged to a common estimate.
The person whose estimate of movement was greatly different to the other two in the group conformed to the view of the other two.
As much as we like to think of ourselves as individuals, the fact is that we're driven to fit in, and that usually means going with the flow.
Conformity is often motivated by our identification with a specific group.
The results show that when in an ambiguous situation (such as the autokinetic effect), a person will look to others (who know more / better) for guidance (i.e. They want to do the right thing, but may lack the appropriate information. People from Western cultures (such as America and the UK) are more likely to be individualistic and don't want to be seen as being the same as everyone else.
This means that they value being independent and self sufficient (the individual is more important that the group), and as such are more likely to participate in non conformity.
The term conformity is often used to indicate an agreement to the majority position, brought about either by a desire to ‘ Jenness (1932) was the first psychologist to study conformity.
His experiment was an ambiguous situation involving a glass bottle filled with beans.
As we grow older, the social pressure to conform with group norms becomes stronger. on July 18, 2019 in Friction The photo of the drowned father and daughter, refugees from El Salvador who tried to cross into the US may not shift public opinion or policy, and here's why.
Established group members may use a variety of tactics to persuade outsiders to conform to the group, including praising, criticizing, bullying, or teasing. on July 23, 2019 in Jacob's Staff Quantum computing is at the leading-edge of innovation. The challenge of introducing change has inherent paradoxes for innovators.