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Copies may not be duplicated for commercial purposes.Unauthorized posting of RAND PDFs to a non-RAND Web site is prohibited. For information on reprint and linking permissions, please visit the RAND Permissions page.They are elements of a pervasive "end justifies the means" philosophy being followed to its most perverse conclusions.
A similar backlash is beginning to emerge as a result of the inability of Western democracies to defend themselves against terrorists.
But lack of governmental resolve is only part of the problem.
Furthermore, these natural events introduce essentially random exogenous shocks which could affect terrorism.
An added benefit of this randomness is that it can be used as an instrument to assess causal effects of terrorism on other factors.
As societies have expanded, they have adapted in an attempt to mitigate the effects of these devastating events, but all too often the propensity of disasters to overwhelm human adaptations has proved both humbling and daunting.
The aftermath of a disaster is a particularly trying time for any government.Terrorists thrive on media exposure, and news organizations around the world have been all too willing to give terrorists what they crave: publicity.If the news media gave terrorists the minuscule coverage their numbers and influence demanded, terrorism would decline.Appeasement, Churchill wisely noted, always whets the appetite, and recent successes have made terrorists hungry for more attacks.Some news commentators have been unwilling to call terrorism what it is: wanton, criminal violence.Yet deterrence is just as much a part of justice as proper enforcement of the laws.Democratic governments which do not deter criminals inevitably spawn vigilantism as normally law-abiding citizens, who have lost confidence in the criminal justice system, take the law into their own hands.Pardee RAND dissertations are produced by graduate fellows of the Pardee RAND Graduate School, the world's leading producer of Ph. The dissertations are supervised, reviewed, and approved by a Pardee RAND faculty committee overseeing each dissertation.Permission is given to duplicate this electronic document for personal use only, as long as it is unaltered and complete.The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis.RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.