What alternate explanations might offer additional depth?Does the application of the theory reveal any particular shortcomings, or strengths?“Compare and contrast” essays, meanwhile, are essentially a hybrid of the above – you need to take a critical approach and evaluate the literature, but your focus has to remain solidly on the theories that you have been asked to compare and contrast.most common reason behind a disappointing grade when it comes to essay writing. If you are asked to critically evaluate a particular theoretical approach, for instance, you have to gain an understanding not only of said theory, but also other common approaches. Yes, you should still acknowledge alternative approaches, and yes, you should still note some strengths and weaknesses – but the bulk of the work must emphasise the concepts practical usefulness.Are you being asked to critically evaluate something? They must all be weighed against each other, highlighting the relative strengths and weaknesses of each theory and, importantly, you must come to a well-justified and confident conclusion. Perhaps the best approach is to find one, or a few, case studies where the theory has been used – what was the outcome of this?In the results, click “cited by” – this will return a list of all of the articles that have cited the publication you searched for.It’s important that you don’t rely too heavily on one or a couple of texts, as this indicates to the marker that you haven’t engaged with the wider literature.If you are still not a hundred percent sure, it is usually a good idea to skip to the conclusion – this usually contains a detailed summary of the study, which will help determine whether you should read the article as a whole.You don’t want to waste time reading through and endless number of articles simply to find that they aren’t actually relevant.It is important to show that you understand both (or all) core theories in great depth, both on a theoretical and applied level.In essence, the wording of the essay question will tell you how the essay should be written.