It was far from modern and the “welfare” state England would develop even further in the early 20th century, but it showed England becoming much more socially conscious.
Lamb went to school at Christ’s Hospital, and studied there until 1789.
In 1792 he worked in the East India House, which was the head of the East India Company.
The Victorian Era, which dominates most of the nineteenth century (1830 – 1901) is named after Queen Victoria, who (until now) was England’s longest reigning monarch.
Although it is fallacious to characterize this nearly century long period in British history monolithic-ally, for our purposes I will focus on some Victorian issues that impact the development of literature.
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There was also a growing skepticism and even loathing of Victorianism and its sense of pride, moralisms and enervating sense of culture (as you see in Matthew Arnold’s prose, and Oscar Wilde’s wit and satire aimed at Victorian prudery and moralistic attitude).
During this period, some of the greatest and, for many, most shocking discoveries and advances in natural science were being made, particularly Charles Darwin’s Theory of Evolution, and the confirmation by geologists that the earth was far far far far far far far more older than 5,000 years. The effects of advances in natural science on culture, religion and society cannot be overstated.