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In addition, they can then predict the outcome of the disorder and suggest related treatment to help the patient.Scheff (1966) points out that diagnosis classification labels the individual, and this can have many adverse effects, such as a self-fulfilling prophecy (patients may begin to act how they are expected to act), and lower self-esteem.DSM) should arrive at the same diagnosis for the same individual.
This makes it more difficult to confidently diagnose schizophrenia.
Comorbidity occurs because the symptoms of different disorders overlap.
These refer to the latest editions of the two classification systems.
• Hallucinations are usually auditory or visual perceptions of things that are not present. Voices are usually heard coming from outside the person’s head giving instructions on how to behave. Usually the person has convinced him/herself that he/she is someone powerful or important, such as Jesus Christ, the Queen (e.g. There are also delusions of being paranoid, worrying that people are out to get them.
Since their are problems with the validity of diagnois classification, unsuitable treatment may be administered, sometimes on an involuntary basis.
This raises practical and ethical issues when selecting different types of tretment.
Psychologists use the DSM and ICD to diagnose a patient with schizophrenia.
In order to diagnose Schizophrenia the Mental Health Profession developed the DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual) still used today as a method of classifying mental disorders (particularly in the USA).
Ethics – do the benefits of classification (care, treatment, safety) outweigh the costs (possible misdiagnosis, mistreatment, loss of rights and responsibility, prejudice due to labelling).
For the classification system to be reliable, differfent clinicians using the same system (e.g.