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This will help us not to bemoan, accuse, or fight but to educate, persuade, and vaccinate.efore considering the vaccine critics themselves, a brief overview of how vaccines work is in order.
In the first of these, called the antibody response, pathogens invading the body stimulate some specialized white blood cells called B-cells to produce antibodies, which are proteins that recognize and bind to specific structures on the surfaces of viruses or bacteria.
When antibodies tag these pathogens, other white blood cells identify and destroy the invaders.
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For example, when you search for a film, we use your search information and location to show the most relevant cinemas near you.When the Los Angeles Times urged in an editorial on the California measles outbreak that the anti-vaccine movement “get over its ignorant and self-absorbed rejection of science,” prominent vaccine critic Barbara Loe Fisher responded, “Name-calling is a convenient way to deflect attention from inconvenient truths about vaccine failures and the dissolving myth of vaccine-acquired herd immunity.” Dr.Paul Offit, a professor of vaccinology and pediatrics at the University of Pennsylvania and a prominent vaccine supporter, has been told by vaccine critics that he has “blood on [his] hands” and is “directly responsible for the death and damage of hundreds of children.” Such exchanges do not bode well for the kind of education and persuasion that are needed to ensure vaccination coverage.(Jonas Salk’s famous polio vaccine is an example of this kind of “inactivated” vaccine.) Another type of vaccine contains a weakened but active form of the pathogen.(Examples of such “attenuated” or “live” vaccines include the measles, mumps, and rubella vaccines.) A third kind of vaccine helps the immune system respond not to disease-causing pathogens but to the toxins they produce.Other, longer living types of B-cells reside in the bone marrow — they produce low levels of antibodies against the pathogens, often for the rest of our lives.A third type of B-cell acts as a source of “memory” when other B-cells wither and die, and produces more antibodies when they are needed.Recently, however, a debate centered on some parents’ refusal to vaccinate their children has received wide public attention, as lower rates of vaccination coverage in certain communities have contributed to outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases, for instance of measles in California in late 2014 and early 2015.In this and similar outbreaks over the last several years, the vast majority of the infected people were unvaccinated or of unknown vaccination status.Tip: Sign In to save these choices and avoid repeating this across devices.You can always update your preferences in the Privacy Centre.