Therefore, abortion is as immoral as murder and, just like murder, should be outlawed.
Pro-choice: a fetus is not a person (nor has the same moral value as a person), but part of the pregnant woman’s body, and violating an individual’s bodily autonomy is wrong.
Berny Belvedere responded to my question about whether it is moral for the state to force women to carry unwanted pregnancies to term by arguing that the immorality of abortion trumps that concern.
According to Belvedere, it is impossible to believe that abortion is immoral and that it should be legal.
And the complicated nature of these beliefs is why abortion is complicated.
The combination of these two beliefs is why many people who think abortion is immoral support exceptions in the cases of rape or incest.Therefore, forcing a woman to carry a pregnancy to term against her will is immoral, and abortion should be legal.Most everyone agrees that murder is wrong and that violating individual autonomy is wrong.Most would agree that murder is worse (though that becomes a more difficult question when the violation of autonomy is chattel slavery).The argument for legally prohibiting abortion relies on the widely accepted notion that the state should legally prohibit murder.You either believe a fetus is a person or you don’t. That’s why the abortion issue is so tied up with religious belief.I called this a simplified version of the pro-life/pro-choice dichotomy because those aren’t the only possible bedrock beliefs. And with different bedrock beliefs, one can make a logical argument that abortion is morally wrong and should still be legal: Both (1) and (2) are complicated, but they’re fairly widespread.It’s Not Black-and-White The abortion debate is about bedrock beliefs, and once those bedrock beliefs are established, it’s not difficult to construct a logical moral argument on top of them.For example, here’s a simplified version of the pro-life/pro-choice dichotomy: Pro-life: a fetus is a person (or has the same moral value as a person for the same reasons), and murdering a person is wrong.If you missed Part II, check it out here: The argument that one cannot believe abortion is both immoral and should be legal depends on the assumption that the immorality of abortion is substantially greater than the immorality of forcing pregnant women to carry to term.Otherwise, the autonomy of the pregnant woman would be a prevailing moral concern.