Eurasianet Photo Essay

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Second, the Kyrgyz rebels killed more than 3,000 Russian settlers, which makes some scholars (both Kyrgyz and Russian) insist that it was an act of mutual aggression rather than a genocide of the Kyrgyz.

Of course, the number of the Kyrgyz victims is much higher."Speaking to Eurasia Net, the director of the International and Comparative Politics Department at the American University of Central Asia in Bishkek, Medet Tiulegenov, said Atambayev only promoted the commemoration "because if he does not, others will make it their own."There have been growing calls in Kyrgyzstan, particularly among the nationalist minority, for an official apology from Russia.

The incident is referred to as the ‘Urkun' in the Kyrgyz language, meaning the ‘Great Exodus.'Survivor Bayali Isakeev, a former official in the Kyrgyz Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, recorded his traumatic experience in a book published in 1933:"We were forced to move on through the Bedel Pass at night.

First I helped my mother and sister with a loaded camel make it along the narrow path. I luckily led my mother and sister [along the path] and returned for my brother, who was halfway through the pass with our bull, loaded with our household possessions.

Representatives from the United Arab Emirates submitted the proposal for a Las Vegas-style revamp in the town of Muynak, Uzbekistan’s reported.

Approving the plans would require a new raft of legislation for the Central Asian country, which outlawed most forms of gambling in 2007.As a result, a rebellion broke out, with local lords in two regions, Kemin and Kochkor, proclaiming independent khanates.Around 4,000 ethnic Russians living in the region were killed in the wave of violence. Petersburg to send an army of Cossacks to suppress the uprising.The source, who spoke on the condition of anonymity out of fear of Russian reprisals, added that the number of Kyrgyz and Kazakhs killed in those years is likely to be 200,000, including 130,000 victims in 1916-1917 and another 70,000 more who died or fled to in China between 19.The rebellion was finally brought to an end when the Basmachi Movement, which was at the time fighting under Turkish commander Enver Pasha, was defeated by Russian forces in the Battle of Kafrun in 1922. Despite the extent of the trauma inflicted on the Kyrgyz people, political correctness has prevented the labelling of the incident as a genocide.A century ago today, Tsar Nicholas II issued a decree to draft farmers, herders and nomads in central Asia into the Russian army to fight on the front in eastern Europe.The conscription order came at a time that was vital for the indigenous people of the region to attend to their crops and livestock to support their families.Aminat Chokobaeva, a Ph D student at Australia National University's Centre for Arab and Islamic Studies, told TRT World that using the term ‘genocide' presents a number of problems for the Kyrgyz government."Genocide is a very fraught term, so the Kyrgyz authorities are generally reluctant to use it," Chokobaeva said."First of all, the Kyrgyz government wants to maintain a good relationship with Russia.An independent public commission which was set up , also demanded the incident be recognised as a genocide.But these calls were dismissed by Russian diplomatic staff in Bishkek as the demands of a "mere meager" group seeking to incite "ethnic divisions." In 2014, the Russian Foreign Ministry's Gorchakov Foundation agreed to fund a group of local Cossacks to research the incident, but Kyrgyz nationalists such as Ata-Jurt Party lawmaker Jyldyz Joldosheva, who wants to make a documentary about the Urkun, doubts such research will be objective."Lately, it has become fashionable to distort history.


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