There are three stages at which a review of the literature is needed: This applies especially to people doing Ph Ds on a part-time basis, where their research might extend over six or more years.
You need to be able to demonstrate that you are aware of current issues and research, and to show how your research is relevant within a changing context.
It can also establish a framework within which to present and analyse the findings.
After reading your literature review, it should be clear to the reader that you have up-to-date awareness of the relevant work of others, and that the research question you are asking is relevant. Be wary of saying that your research will solve a problem, or that it will change practice.
They will ask questions such as: These are questions that you will already probably be asking yourself.
You will also need to be ready to answer them in a viva if you will be having one. are particularly relevant to the process of critical review.Increased ease of access to a wider range of published material has also increased the need for careful and clear critique of sources.Just because something is ‘published’ does not mean its quality is assured.You need to demonstrate to your reader that you are examining your sources with a critical approach, and not just believing them automatically.Your interpretation of each piece of evidence is just that: an interpretation.It is an important showcase of your talents of: understanding, interpretation, analysis, clarity of thought, synthesis, and development of argument.The process of conducting and reporting your literature review can help you clarify your own thoughts about your study.The ability to review, and to report on relevant literature is a key academic skill.A literature review: To some extent, particularly with postgraduate research, the literature review can become a project in itself.Guidance will be available via your own department or school and via the relevant Information Librarian.There may also be key sources of publications for your subject that are accessible electronically, such as collections of policy documents, standards, archive material, videos, and audio-recordings.