The essay talks about the two human problem-solving systems which appear to operate in parallel; one being more intuitive, reactive, and holistic decision-making, and the other being more reflective, procedural and rule-governed.
People of all ages and educational levels exhibit critical thinking to a greater or lesser degree.
The ideal critical thinker is habitually inquisitive, well-informed, trustful of reason, openminded, flexible, fair-minded in evaluation, honest in facing personal biases, prudent in making judgments, willing to reconsider, clear about issues, orderly in complex matters, diligent in seeking relevant information, reasonable in the selection of criteria, focused in inquiry, and persistent in seeking results which are as precise as the subject and the circumstances of inquiry permit.
Thus, educating good critical thinkers means working toward this ideal.
THINK Critically is a cutting-edge, self-reflective guide for improving critical thinking skills through careful analysis, reasoned inference, and thoughtful evaluation of contemporary culture and ideas. Think Author Find Your Voice Think about Who You Read Think Audience What Does the Audience Care About? Same Author and Audience, Different Purpose Think Purpose and Circumstances Think Tactics Clues from Contextual Cues Think How to Organize and Develop Your Presentation Reach Out and Grab Someone Crafting a Presentation Good News: Writing Is Work An Arguable Thesis Statement and Solid Research Map Out the Arguments Pro and Con—Then Outline Your Case Evaluating the Credibility of Sources Prewriting, Writing, and Rewriting Two Practical Tips Evaluating Effectiveness Features of Sound and Effective Written Argumentation A Tool for Evaluating Critical Thinking and Writing How to Apply the Rubric for Evaluating Written Argumentation Chapter Review Appendix Extend Argument-Decision Mapping Strategies Mapping the Sequence of Arguments Mapping Forms of Inference Mapping Supporting Information Mapping the Decision System Less Is More Schwarzenegger’s Denial of Clemency Map Group Decision Making Research Applications Glossary Endnotes Credits Index Supplemental Chapter A: Think Like a Social Scientist What Critical Thinking Questions Do Social Scientists Ask?
Additionally, engaging examples and masterful exercises help students learn to clarify ideas, analyze arguments, and evaluate reasoning.
It combines developing CT skills with nurturing those dispositions which consistently yield useful insights and which are the basis of a rational and democratic society.” Students may be asked to respond to an adapted version of the "Critical Disposition Self-Rating Form" developed by Facione.
These Yes/No questions require students to state specific instances they participated in an activity that involved critical thinking within the past couple of days.