Fall Rome Research Paper

However, many of these new settlers never truly became Roman even after citizenship was granted, retaining much of their old culture.This vulnerability became more obvious as a significant number of Germanic tribes, the Goths, gathered along the northern border.They sought a better life, and despite their numbers, they appeared to be no immediate threat, at first.

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While this great body was invaded by open violence, or undermined by slow decay, a pure and humble religion greatly insinuated itself into the minds of men, grew up in silence and obscurity, derived new vigour from opposition, and finally erected the triumphant banner of the cross on the ruins of the Capitol.” …the decline of Rome was the natural and inevitable effect of immoderate greatness.

Prosperity ripened the principle of decay; the causes of destruction multiplied with the extent of conquest, and as soon as time or accident has removed artificial supports, the stupendous fabric yielded to the pressure of its own weight.

Odovacar immediately contacted the eastern emperor Zeno and informed him that he would not accept that title of emperor. In fact, to ensure there would be no confusion, Odovacar returned to Constantinople the imperial vestments, diadem, and purple cloak of the emperor.

There are some who believe, like Gibbon, that the fall was due to the fabric of the Roman citizen.

To many historians, the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century CE has always been viewed as the end of the ancient world and the onset of the Middle Ages, often improperly called the Dark Ages, despite Petrarch’s assertion.

Since much of the west had already fallen by the middle of the 5th century CE, when a writer speaks of the fall of the empire, he or she generally refers to the fall of the city of Rome.If one accepts the idea that the cause of the fall was due, in part, to the possible moral decay of the city, its fall is reminiscent of the “decline” of the Republic centuries earlier.Historian Polybius, a 2nd century BCE writer, pointed to a dying republic (years before it actually fell) - a victim of its declining moral virtue and the rise of vice within.This massive size presented a problem and called for a quick solution, and it came with the reign of Emperor Diocletian.The empire was divided into two with one capital remaining at Rome and another in the east at Nicomedia; the eastern capital would later be moved to Constantinople, old Byzantium, by Emperor Constantine.Although Gibbon points to the rise of Christianity as a fundamental cause, the actual fall or decline could be seen decades earlier.By the 3rd century CE, the city of Rome was no longer the center of the empire - an empire that extended from the British Isles to the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers and into Africa.On the last day of the empire, a barbarian member of the Germanic tribe Siri and former commander in the Roman army entered the city unopposed.The one-time military and financial power of the Mediterranean was unable to resist.Those who discount Gibbon’s claim point to the existence of the same religious zealots in the east and the fact that many of the barbarians were Christian themselves.A candid but rational inquiry into the progress and establishment of Christianity, may be considered as a very essential part of the history of the Roman empire.

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