Freudian Literary Criticism Essay

Freudian Literary Criticism Essay-87
Within the language, the “subject” (employed by Louis Althusser, in Ideology and Ideological State Apparatuses and developed later by Pierre Macherey and Slavoj Zizek) vainly tries to represent itself.The subject is an effect of the signifier put into language.

Within the language, the “subject” (employed by Louis Althusser, in Ideology and Ideological State Apparatuses and developed later by Pierre Macherey and Slavoj Zizek) vainly tries to represent itself.The subject is an effect of the signifier put into language.

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Further he argues that the two dreamwork mechanisms identified by Freud, condensation and displacement correspond to the basic poles of language identified by the linguist Roman Jakobson, i.e, metaphor and metonymy.

In metonymy one thing represents another by means of the part standing for the whole (For eg. In Freudian dream interpretation, an element in a dream might stand for something else by displacement (For eg.

The function of the ego is, in other words, one of mis-recognition (meconnaissance) of refusing to accept the truth of fragmentation and alienation.

As the sense of original unity and coherence in the mirror phase is an illusion, there is a fundamental disharmony regarding the ego.

The ego is both formed by and takes its form from the organizing and constituting properties of the image.

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Lacan insists that the ego is based on an illusory image of the wholeness and mastery (as the child in the mirror stage cannot wholly gain mastery and control over its body, in spite of its sense of bodily anatomy and in that sense still fragmented) and it is the function of the ego to maintain this illusion of coherence and mastery.

As there is a perpetual barrier between the signifier and the signified which is demonstrated with a diagram showing two identical lavatory rooms, one headed “Ladies” and “Gentlemen.” This purports to show that same signifier may have different signifieds, so that the correlation between signifiers determine the meanings.

Thus Lacan suggests an incessant sliding of the signified under the signifier.

His oeuvre reveals a great influence of Parisian figures like the anthropologist Claude Levi-Strauss and the linguists Ferdinand de Saussure and Roman Jakobson.

He suggested a new back- to-Freudianism (Return to Freud) with a novel emphasis on the unconscious, as the nucleus of our being, which is the opus of his Ecrits.


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