In such contexts, their number will be determined by state factionalization.
Indeed, in 2017, El Salvador and Honduras were among the countries with the highest rates of asylum-seekers in the world.
Instead of considering the influx of refugees as a humanitarian crisis and addressing the root causes of out-migration from the Northern Triangle, the U. government response emphasized a strategy of “aggressive deterrence” of immigrants, engaging Central American governments to take security measures to stop migrants at their own borders.
What has been identified as a crisis at the border is better understood as an on-going crisis of violence, building over decades, that has forced migrants from their homes in the countries of the Northern Triangle.
Authors Robin Andersen and Adrian Bergmann look back to U. military policies in the region and connect this legacy to the cross-border development of transnational gangs, government corruption, and on-going violence that often targets environmental and legal defenders.