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If you were to present such a person with fossils, geological data or arguments about the nature of compounds in the ozone, they could refute the argument by saying that your evidence was fabricated to appeared that way, and isn’t valid.Importantly, falsifiability doesn’t mean that there are currently arguments against a theory, only that it is possible to imagine some kind of argument which would invalidate it.
Another important point is that falsifiability is not any claim that has yet to be proven true.
After all, a conjecture that hasn’t been proven yet is just a hypothesis.
On the other hand, Newtonian calculations are simpler, so Newton's theory is useful for almost any engineering project, including some space projects. Scientists would not have arrived at either of these theories, or a compromise between both of them, without the use of testable, falsifiable experiments.
Popper saw falsifiability as a black and white definition; that if a theory is falsifiable, it is scientific, and if not, then it is unscientific.
The major disadvantage of falsifiability is that it is very strict in its definitions and does not take into account the contributions of sciences that are observational and descriptive.
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Thus, falsifiability is not a simple black and white matter.
The Raven Paradox shows the inherent danger of relying on falsifiability, because very few scientific experiments can measure all of the data, and necessarily rely upon generalization.
Anthropology and sociology, for example, often use case studies to observe people in their natural environment without actually testing any specific hypotheses or theories.
While such studies and ideas are not falsifiable, most would agree that they are scientific because they significantly advance human knowledge.