The first three decades of the 1900’s were the first time that the African American culture was taken seriously by the Caucasian community. Ferguson case which allowed racial segregation in 1896, led to what is known as the Great Migration.
Job opportunities and far less amounts of racism were significant reasons for more than seven million African Americans moving to northern states.
Jazz music, the soundtrack to the Harlem Renaissance, became nationally prominent, and many important poems, books, and works of art came out of this movement.
While born in Joplin, Missouri, on February 1, 1902, James Mercer Langston Hughes did not live in Missouri very long.
The most famous of these communities was located in Harlem, an area of New York City, and it was from this community that the national movement took its name.
African American artists, authors, poets, journalists, playwrights, politicians, and musicians worked to create a more positive national perception of black people and black culture, and to develop national awareness of the legal, social, and economic injustices suffered by African Americans in the United States.
The following are the main characteristics of the poem For example, there are alliterative phrases such as "pale dull pallor," repetition of lines such as "He did a lazy sway…/He did a lazy sway…" and the internal rhymes like "poor piano moan." At the same time, Hughes uses the slang language of blacks in Harlem during this period, as in the words to the blues song that are contained within the poem: "Ain't got nobody in all this world, Ain't got nobody but ma salf.
I's gwine to quit ma frownin' And put ma troubles on the shelf" Hughes informs the reader that these Blues were "coming from a black man's soul," which communicates that this blues singer was sincere in both his lonely desperation and ability to stop frowning and put his troubles on the shelf.
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Between the end of World War I in 1918 and the stock market crash of 1929, a national cultural movement formed in urban African American communities aimed at drawing attention to racial injustice and highlighting the positive aspects of African American culture.