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Each of us would have, in two ways, affirmed himself, and the other person.
The distribution of private property in the hands of wealth owners, combined with government enforced taxes compel workers to labor.
In a capitalist world, our means of survival is based on monetary exchange, therefore we have no other choice than to sell our labour power and consequently be bound to the demands of the capitalist.
This is only the beginning of what "alienation" means to Karl Marx.
"Marx's philosophy, like much of existential thinking, represents a protest against man's alienation, his loss of himself and his transformation into a thing; it is a movement against the dehumanization and automatization of man inherent in the development of Western industrialism"(Fromm, V).
Marx was a believer in an inevitable revolution between capitalists, and the workers employed in their industries.
He believed that the actual cost of any product is simply the price of material and most importantly, the labour employed to create it.
Moreover, Max Stirner extended Feuerbach's analysis in The Ego and its Own (1845) that even the idea of "humanity" is an alienating concept for individuals to intellectually consider in its full philosophic implication.
Marx and Friedrich Engels responded to these philosophic propositions in The German Ideology (1845).
In a capitalist society, the worker's alienation from their humanity occurs because the worker can express labour—a fundamental social aspect of personal individuality—only through a private system of industrial production in which each worker is an instrument: i.e., a thing, not a person.
In the "Comment on James Mill" (1844), Marx explained alienation thus: Let us suppose that we had carried out production as human beings.