Measles Research Paper

In this example, at least 17 of every 18 people (more than 94 percent) would need immunity.This threshold is sometimes called the herd immunity threshold.

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Federal health officials said on Thursday that 971 individual cases have been confirmed in 26 states so far in 2019, surpassing the total recorded in 1992, when the last large epidemic occurred.

The disease was declared eliminated in the country in 2000.

Here’s what you need to know about the disease and the risk of getting it. It can cause serious respiratory symptoms, fever and rash.

In some cases, especially in babies and young children, the consequences can be severe.

Infected people can transmit the measles virus starting four days before they develop a rash, so they may be contagious before they realize they have the disease.

They remain able to spread the virus for about four days after the rash appears.Measles killed 110,000 people globally in 2017, mostly children under 5.According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, one in 10 children with measles gets an ear infection, which can lead to permanent deafness.One or two in 1,000 children who contract measles will die.In countries where measles vaccination is not routine, it is a significant cause of death, according to the World Health Organization.Lauren Lawler, after receiving inoculations for measles, mumps and rubella at a clinic in Seattle. The vast majority of people who contract measles haven’t been vaccinated, and giving them the measles vaccine within 72 hours of being exposed to the virus might help — at least by reducing the severity and duration of the symptoms. Small numbers may get a mild fever, rash, soreness or swelling, the C. Children should receive two doses of the vaccine: the first when they are 12 to 15 months old; the second when they are between 4 and 6 years old. recommends they receive one dose of the vaccine beforehand. In fact, if measles is occurring in your community, it’s a good idea to get vaccinated unless you are sure you have previously received two shots of the M. (The vaccine was made available in 1963 and in the decade before that, virtually every child got measles by age 15, so the C. One of two vaccines available from 1963-67 was ineffective, the C. In a hypothetical community where nobody has immunity from the measles virus, one infected person might infect 12 to 18 people, who might each infect another 12 to 18 people.The Mayo Clinic says that pregnant women, babies and people with weak immune systems can receive an injection of antibodies called immune serum globulin within six days of being exposed to measles, which might prevent or lessen the symptoms. If infants who are between 6 and 11 months old are about to travel from the United States to another country, the C. At this rate, a small outbreak would quickly grow out of control.We use cookies to make interactions with our website easy and meaningful, to better understand the use of our services, and to tailor advertising.For further information, including about cookie settings, please read our Cookie Policy .Every person who is successfully vaccinated reduces the potential sources of infection, thus reducing the risk to unvaccinated people.This reduction in risk is sometimes called the herd effect.

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