Non-deliberative processes, such as pattern recognition, may be more reliable under some conditions and can almost always be used to verify the results of reasoning - just as reasoning is used to check the results of intuition.
At this level, errors occur when cognizers use inappropriate or inefficient strategies, and when they terminate a process too soon or continue it too long.
Asking and answering questions is a skill of dialogue.
Alternative possibilities are represented by mental models.
Critical questioning may take place within a single mind among different individuals, but is evaluated by reference to norms for conducting the appropriate kinds of critical dialogue.
Dialogue types are differentiated by the purposes they serve, by the types of challenges that are permitted to the opponent, and the scope of the permitted responses by the proponent.A process of questioning mental models is (or should be) adopted because of its reliability for achieving the purposes of the participants within the available time.Thus, the theory of critical thinking draws on and synthesizes research on three separate topics: 1.The developmental model of critical thinking outlined here derives from contemporary empirical research on directions and processes of intellectual development in children and adolescents. May 11, 2014 One of our priorities as teachers and educators is to cultivate a culture of critical thinking within our classrooms.Thought-provoking questions help students explore learning from different perspectives.The art of posing well-formulated questions is regaled by a set of techniques, some of which are included in this wonderful poster: Questions A Critical Thinker Asks.Critical thinking is a cognitive skill that can be developed through a well-planned instructional process. (2006) requires five fundamental steps: 1- Determine learning objectives This is the initial phase where you need to identify the behaviours you want your students to exhibit and work on encapsulating these behaviours in an overarching higher order thinking schema.2-Teach through questioning The importance of integrating questions into instruction is uncontested.Such an endeavour ,while possible and doable, does take so much planning and efforts.I am talking here about efforts from both teachers and students, and on a larger scale curriculum designers as well.