Tovey's Essays were written as introductory notes for the concert-going public and are occasionally light-hearted in tone.
Nevertheless, they analyse the pieces and describe their structure in much more depth than standard programme notes, even in a few pages each.
Examine the observations you've gathered, and look for a common thread that ties them together.
Link your detailed observations to your general impression of the song.
A songwriter might use it in a song lyric to communicate frustration over a recent breakup or to create emphasis by making the sounds stand out more.
Listen to the song again with your notes in front of you. Cock your ears for crescendos, pauses, instruments fading in or out of the arrangement and tempo changes.Be mindful of how long your analysis is expected to be, and choose the number of specific examples you can thoroughly discuss within those parameters.Draft your paper, and don't forget to use regular conventions of essay writing such as punctuation, spelling and grammar.Ask yourself how these details enrich the meaning of the lyrics and contribute to the effects of poetic devices.Music with a fast tempo might make listeners more aware of sound devices like consonance, whereas music with a slow tempo can give listeners more time to think about imagery and symbolism in the lyrics. Research the historical, social and political context of the song.Also remember to consider any special instructions from your teacher.State your thesis and briefly outline your main arguments in the introduction.Music is often reflective of life experience, so knowledge of world events and prevailing attitudes might affect your interpretation.For example, some people think that Don Mc Lean's "American Pie" is a commentary on changes to American culture at the time, and Joni Mitchell's "Big Yellow Taxi" touches on environmental concerns at the beginning of the modern American environmental movement.Decide how it makes you feel, and try to discern a central theme or message.Get a printout of the song lyrics so you can scrutinize them more closely.