This practice continues even today in some countries like the US, despite the advancements that we have made as a society.We are have become more sophisticated than ever before, thanks to many factors such as technological advancements, globalization, education and democracy. In fact, the US is the only advanced democracy where capital punishment by death is not abolished.Brief History of Death Penalty The first recorded death penalty in the US was in 1608 when Captain George Kendall was executed in Virginia for being a spy for Spain.Tags: Dissertation ProcessDst Research ProposalOnline Magazine Business PlanBinding Services For DissertationsThe Village Descriptive EssayArgumentative Essay Introduction ExampleElements Of Research ProposalHelping With HomeworkMarine Biology DissertationCreative Problem Solving And Engineering Design
This is why many states had their own laws with respect to death penalty even after several rulings from the Supreme Court.
In 1972, or example, the Supreme Court emptied the nation's death rows by declaring all the existing statutes with respect to death penalty as unconstitutional.
This is evident in the crime statistics that the US has seen in the last few decades.
The murder rate has climbed by 122 percent between 19 and the murder rate in New York city alone rose y 400 percent. A study undertaken by MIT showed that based on the 1970 homicide rates, an average American had a higher chance of being murdered than an American soldier who fought in World War II (Koch, 1985).
They contend that in the south, black men who rape white women receive more death sentences than white men who rape black women.
This creates further rift in a society that has battled a lot of racial issues.Death can be never be an appropriate punishment for any crime simply because the society does not give the criminal a chance to get any kind of retribution.When he or she is made to live for the rest of their life in a small room, there is a higher chance for them to atone the sin they committed. For those who argue that death penalty will be a deterrent, it is not true either.Death penalties divide the society intensely because there are people who feel it is justified and others who feel it is morally incorrect.These sections of the society are deeply divided on this subject and the only way to unify them is to abolish death penalty completely. Groups such as the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) charge that death penalty is applied unfairly.In 2008, for instance, the Supreme Court overruled a ruling by Louisiana court that convicted a father for raping his eight-year old daughter.The Supreme Court ruled that the punishment is not proportional to the nature of the crime.The idea behind this amendment is to restrict the government from handing down any excess punishment to any individual (The Library of Congress, 2012).Unfortunately, these laws are not concrete and clear and in many cases, it is open to interpretation.By retaining this form of punishment, are we exhibiting barbaric traits as a society? Death penalty is a barbaric act simply because the law should be about protecting humans and not killing them.This paper will start with a brief history of death penalty in the US and will move onto why death penalty is barbaric and should be abolished from the society.