Publishing Research Papers In Journals

Publishing Research Papers In Journals-16
Finally, we are writing in our personal capacities.A ‘preprint’ is typically a version of a research paper that is shared on an online platform prior to, or during, a formal peer review process [6,7,8].In particular, the announcement of ‘Plan S’ in 2018 seems to have catalyzed a new wave of debate in scholarly communication, surfacing old and new tensions.

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The changing world of scholarly communication and the emerging new wave of ‘Open Science’ or ‘Open Research’ has brought to light a number of controversial and hotly debated topics.

Scholarly publishing invokes various positions and passions.

For example, authors may spend hours struggling with diverse article submission systems, often converting document formatting between a multitude of journal and conference styles, and sometimes spend months waiting for peer review results.

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For further information, including about cookie settings, please read our Cookie Policy .Numerous ‘‘hot topics” were identified through a discussion on Twitter2 and then distilled into ten by the authors of this article and presented in no particular order of importance.These issues overlap, and some are closely related (e.g., those on peer review).A persistent issue surrounding preprints is the concern that work may be at risk of being plagiarized or ‘scooped’—meaning that the same or similar research will be published by others without proper attribution to the original source—if the original is publicly available without the stamp of approval from peer reviewers and traditional journals [10].These concerns are often amplified as competition increases for academic jobs and funding, and perceived to be particularly problematic for early-career researchers and other higher-risk demographics within academia. Considering the differences between traditional peer-review based publishing models and deposition of an article on a preprint server, ‘scooping’ is less likely for manuscripts first submitted as preprints.The drawn-out and often contentious societal and technological transition to Open Access and Open Science/Open Research, particularly across North America and Europe (Latin America has already widely adopted ‘Acceso Abierto’ for more than 2 decades now [1]) has led both Open Science advocates and defenders of the status quo to adopt increasingly entrenched positions.Much debate ensues via social media, where echo chambers can breed dogmatic partisanship, and character limits leave little room for nuance.Thus, a preprint can act as proof of provenance for research ideas, data, code, models, and results [14].The fact that the majority of preprints come with a form of permanent identifier, usually a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), also makes them easy to cite and track; and articles published as preprints tend to accumulate more citations at a faster rate [15].We address issues around preprints and scooping, the practice of copyright transfer, the function of peer review, predatory publishers, and the legitimacy of ‘global’ databases.These arguments and data will be a powerful tool against misinformation across wider academic research, policy and practice, and will inform changes within the rapidly evolving scholarly publishing system.

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