To signal to the reader that your modifications are "Any attempt to set the record straight must shed light on how the Japanese, as a people, manage, nurture, and sustain their collective amnesia-even denial-when confronted with the record of their behavior through that period" (Chang 15).Writing in 1997, Iris Chang was undoubtedly correct that Japan's version of the Nanking Massacre exemplified "how the Japanese, as a people [once] manage[d], nurture[d], and sustain[ed] their collective amnesia-even denial-when confronted with the record of their behavior through [the] period [of World War II]." Today, more than ten years after the publication of Chang's work, those few Japanese scholars who still continue to deny the events that occurred at Nanking in 1937 are unlikely to ever come around to share her view (Chang 15).Tags: Scholarships That Require An EssayDivision Problem Solving WorksheetsBusiness Plan For LawyersResearch Papers On Neural NetworksA Process Analysis EssayPhd Thesis FootnotesHolistic Research Paper RubricEssays On Controversial Issues
In addition to that, quotes are also very useful for proving the subject or the thesis of your essay.
Nevertheless, your paper won’t be taken seriously unless you use citations adequately.
They are optional, so use your own judgment as to whether to follow them or not.
Most likely, your decision will vary from case to case.
(On this, see also The Ethics of Quoting.) BACK TO TOP Another way in which you can modify a quote is by skipping material.
Using direct citations in your academic paper is the best way of substantiating your thoughts with solid proof and enhancing the credibility of your arguments.
Notice that the material added is placed in square brackets, visually indicating to the reader that it is not part of the original text.
Notice also that, although we have altered the tense of the quote (from present to past and through the addition of the word "once"), changed an article (from "that" to "the"), and added information (to specify the World War II period) we have fundamentally altered the original meaning of the quote, which remains clearly discernible.
Chinese-American scholar Iris Chang argues that "the Rape of Nanking represents one of the worst instances of mass extermination" ever.
Some Western historians claim that "the Rape of Nanking surpasses much of the worst barbarism of the ages." Iris Chang, for example, describes "Corpses piled up outside the city walls, along the river (which had turned red with blood), ponds and lakes, and on hills and mountains" (Chang 5, 46).