Introduction The melamine controversy that erupted during the last quarter of year 2008 brought people’s attention back to the debates between breastfeeding and the use of breast milk substitutes like commercial infant formula.This wasn’t the first time that infant formula had caused illnesses and even deaths to infants worldwide - hence the continuous campaign of World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF along with other breastfeeding advocates, for mothers to breastfeed their children at least until 6 months of age.
Along with questionnaires that will be given out to respondents for the statistical representation of the findings in the study, interviews with the respondents and a few experts in this field will also be conducted.
Sampling Method The research sampling method that will be used in this study is random sampling to obtain a more scientific result that could be used to represent the entirety of the population.
The health care facilities and institutions in these three barangays will then be the target sources of respondents of the researcher.
The health care facilities and institutions will be contacted to obtain a verbal consent to administer the questionnaire to mothers at their places.
The description of the type of infant formula given by formula and mixed feeding mothers will also be asked in the material.
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Conclusion Majority of the mothers formula feed their child and only a minority exclusively breastfeeds their children, especially as per recommendation of the World Health Organization.
A letter of consent will also be sent to them along with a sample copy of the questionnaire that will be used, as well as the protocol of the researcher.
A letter was also addressed to the City Health Officer to obtain endorsement and consent to conduct a research in selected barangays and distribute questionnaires to the mothers in the vicinity.
The results revealed that only 20% of mothers in the study currently exclusively breastfeed their babies.
It also shows that socio-economic factors like mother’s work status, marital status and educational attainment had direct bearing on these practices.