An informative abstract includes the information that can be found in a descriptive abstract [purpose, methods, scope] but it also includes the results and conclusions of the research and the recommendations of the author.
The length varies according to discipline, but an informative abstract is usually no more than 300 words in length.
If your chosen journal simply requires a standard cover letter then you can download and use our sample cover letter as a guide: *(this will download a Word document) Download our submission checklist to make sure you’ve included everything you need to.
An abstract summarizes, usually in one paragraph of 300 words or less, the major aspects of the entire paper in a prescribed sequence that includes: 1) the overall purpose of the study and the research problem(s) you investigated; 2) the basic design of the study; 3) major findings or trends found as a result of your analysis; and, 4) a brief summary of your interpretations and conclusions.
You should also check the IFAs for any specific information to include in your cover letter.
You may, for example, need to confirm in the cover letter that the research paper is all your own original work and state whether there is any potential conflict of interest.
In that a highlight abstract cannot stand independent of its associated article, it is not a true abstract and, therefore, rarely used in academic writing.
Use the active voice when possible, but note that much of your abstract may require passive sentence constructions.
When you submit your article to a journal, you often need to include a cover letter.
This is a good opportunity to highlight to the journal’s editor what makes your research new and important.