Short Essay On Musical Instruments

Short Essay On Musical Instruments-27
Tabla in our catalogue As stated earlier, the tabla seems to have been in the beginning an instrument which suited the lighter variety of music and hence was very popular with the common people.It, however, remained confined to folk music and to the simple music of the lower castes, till the beginning of the eighteenth century. For the accompaniment of khayal and its allied instruments like sitar and sarod, the need of a new percussion instrument was felt, which had the majesty of the pakhavaj yet could be played in a lighter manner as well.The standard size of the right drum is of ten-and-a-half inches height, the diameter at the bottom being about seven inches to eight-and-a-quarter inches and the upper playing surface varies between five to five-and-a-half inches.

Tabla in our catalogue As stated earlier, the tabla seems to have been in the beginning an instrument which suited the lighter variety of music and hence was very popular with the common people.

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The modern tabla has a highly developed technique of playing and in the hands of a master player it is capable of producing almost all the patterns of rhythms and cross-rhythms that a musician can conceive of.

The well-established time cycles are rendered in terms of drumming phrases called thekha or measured beat.

These braces are tied to another ring at the bottom of the instrument.

There are sixteen holes or ghar to which the braces are tied at equal distance, giving the instrument an equal tension at all the points.

The goat skin stretched across both the drums is made of multiple membranes, one full and the other on the periphery of the full skin called kinara or chanti.

This parchment, called pudi or chhavani, is tied to a plaited strip called gajra.It is made either of clay or metal such as copper, bronze or even a thin iron sheet.The right hand drum or dayan is made of seesam, khair, neem or mango wood, but preference is given to seesam wood.Beneath each pair of leather bracing, a small tuning block of wood (gatta) is kept. By moving them up or down, the braces are tensed or loosened, thus varying the tension of the pudi, and the instrument can be tuned to the desired pitch.The most important and significant part of the parchment is the black paste called 'syahi', about seven centimetres in diameter; it is affixed centrally on dayan and eccentrically on bayan.Gajra is made by joining four or five leather braces made of goat or cow skin.Gajra is fixed to the mouth of the drum by means of leather braces called baddhi, made of buffalo skin.The tabla is the most commonly played drum set in North Indian music.It is the instrument most frequently used to accompany vocal and instrumental music, and dance; whereas its primary function is to maintain the metric cycle in which the compositions are set.Though made of metal, these kettledrums were originally derived from the pot drums of primitive men.Later they became rounded like the egg; this may have been an adaptation to facilitate carrying them on the back of a horse or a camel.

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