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The is data is then measured against socio-economic indices such as education, income/wealth, occupation, ethnic heritage, age, and family dynamics to better understand the relationship between language and society.Thanks to its dual focus, sociolinguistics is considered a branch of both linguistics and sociology.
While Eliza valiantly attempts to stick to the limited subject matter, it’s clear from the following exchange that her metamorphosis is as yet incomplete: LIZA: Y-e-e-e-es, Lord love you! She come through diphtheria right enough the year before. LIZA: [piling up the indictment] What call would a woman with that strength in her have to die of influenza?
What become of her new straw hat that should have come to me?
She’s taken to tea at the home of Higgins' very proper mother with strict orders: “She’s to keep to two subjects: the weather and everybody’s health—Fine day and How do you do, you know—and not to let herself go on things in general.
That will be safe.” Also in attendance are the Eynsford Hills. They all thought she was dead; but my father he kept ladling gin down her throat til she came to so sudden that she bit the bowl off the spoon.
A lady speaks like a lady, and a flower girl speaks like a flower girl and never the twain shall meet.
At the time, this distinction of speech separated the classes and made it virtually impossible for someone from the lower ranks to rise above their station.
" On the other hand, if you were that same 17-year-old boy and saw the school principal drop something in the parking lot as she was walking to her car, you'd more likely utter something along the lines of, "Excuse me, Mrs. You dropped your scarf." This word choice has to do with societal expectations on the part of both the speaker and the person to whom he is speaking. Perhaps the most famous example of the study of sociolinguistics comes to us in the form "Pygmalion," the play by Irish playwright and author George Bernard Shaw that went on to become the basis for the musical "My Fair Lady." The story opens outside London's Covent Garden market, where the upper crust post-theater crowd is attempting to stay out of the rain. Eynsford, her son, and daughter, Colonel Pickering (a well-bred gentleman), and a Cockney flower girl, Eliza Doolittle (a.k.a Liza). When Eliza catches him writing down everything she says, she thinks he’s a policeman and loudly protests that she hasn’t done anything.
The mystery man isn’t a cop—he’s a professor of linguistics, Henry Higgins. Higgins boasts that he could turn Eliza into a duchess or the verbal equivalent in six months, with no idea that Eliza has overheard him and is actually going to take him up on it.