He organized the life cycle in to eight stages; however, I will adapt them in to five.
In the infancy cycle, Erikson suggests not only do we learn to walk, talk and feed ourselves, we are learning finer motor development as well as toilet training. If we are shamed while being toilet trained or in learning other important skills, we may feel great shame and doubt, resulting in suffering low self-esteem in the future (Harder, 2012).
The rapid development in infancy, from rolling over to crawling and then walking, increases independence.
In early infancy, there is a high dependency on the main caregivers.
Sigmund Freud’s theory of development of life cycle stages is one of the best known.
Freud believed that personality develops through a series of childhood stages during which the pleasure-seeking energies of the id become focused on certain areas.
The loss of friendship at this time in a child’s life can be very important also.
For many a time of new experiences, intense learning at school for others leaving school.
During the infancy stage, the primary source of interaction occurs through the mouth so the sucking reflex is especially important.
The mouth is vital for eating, and the infant derives pleasure from oral stimulation.