Summa Theologica Essay

Summa Theologica Essay-36
It presents the reasoning for almost all points of Christian theology in the West.The Summa's topics follow a cycle: God; Creation, Man; Man's purpose; Christ; the Sacraments; and back to God.The Summa Theologiae (written 1265–1274 and also known as the Summa Theologica or simply the Summa) is the best-known work of Thomas Aquinas (c. Although unfinished, the Summa is "one of the classics of the history of philosophy and one of the most influential works of Western literature." It is intended as an instructional guide for theology students, including seminarians and the literate laity.

It presents the reasoning for almost all points of Christian theology in the West.The Summa's topics follow a cycle: God; Creation, Man; Man's purpose; Christ; the Sacraments; and back to God.The Summa Theologiae (written 1265–1274 and also known as the Summa Theologica or simply the Summa) is the best-known work of Thomas Aquinas (c. Although unfinished, the Summa is "one of the classics of the history of philosophy and one of the most influential works of Western literature." It is intended as an instructional guide for theology students, including seminarians and the literate laity.

For example, Part I, Question 2, "The Existence of God" is divided into three articles: "Whether the existence of God is self-evident?

", "Whether it can be demonstrated that God exists? " Additionally, questions on a broader theme are grouped into Treatises, though the category of treatise is reported differently, depending on the source.

What was lacking was added afterwards from the fourth book of his commentary on the Sentences of Peter Lombard as a supplementum, which is not found in manuscripts of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries.

The Summa was translated into Greek (apparently by Maximus Planudes around 1327), Armenian, many European languages, and Chinese. Part I treats of God, who is the "first cause, himself uncaused" (primum movens immobile) and as such existent only in act (actu) – that is, pure actuality without potentiality, and therefore without corporeality. This follows from the fivefold proof for the existence of God; namely, there must be a first mover, unmoved, a first cause in the chain of causes, an absolutely necessary being, an absolutely perfect being, and a rational designer.

The entire first part of the Summa deals with God and his creation, which reaches its zenith in man.

The First Part, therefore, ends with the treatise on man.The Summa's three parts have a few other major subdivisions. 3) as an example: "Whether Christ should have led a life of poverty in this world?The Summa has a standard format for each article, which can be explained by taking another article (Pt. ", The Summa makes many references to certain thinkers held in great respect in Aquinas's time.The Summa is Aquinas' "most perfect work, the fruit of his mature years, in which the thought of his whole life is condensed." Among non-scholars, the Summa is perhaps most famous for its five arguments for the existence of God, which are known as the "five ways" (Latin: quinque viae).The five ways, however, occupy only one of the Summa's 3,125 articles.The following is from the New Schaff–Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge (a public-domain work): St.Thomas's greatest work was the Summa, and it is the fullest presentation of his views.The second part of the Summa deals with man's purpose (the meaning of life), which is happiness.The ethics detailed in this part are a summary of the ethics (Aristotelian in nature) that man must follow to reach his intended destiny.Questions, in turn, are subdivided into 3,125 Articles."Questions" are specific topics of discussion, while their articles are even more specific questions, facets of the parent question.

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