Is there a body of evidence available to analyze, or does more primary research need to be done?Can your research question be answered by a systematic review?A recent JAMA article extolled the benefits of using a medical librarian to improve the quality of a systematic review of the medical literature.
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Within a review context it refers to a combination of review approaches for example combining quantitative with qualitative research or outcome with process studies.
[email protected]; 330-672-1659 Special support: Systematic methods for literature reviews; and Zotero, Mendeley, and End Note. Library research management: software & strategies. Library research models "Pictures" showing the process of "reviewing the literature".
Are you currently working on a systematic review or research project and need assistance with search strategies and literature reviews?
Himmelfarb Reference Librarians are skilled researchers who are trained to assist you with your review.
Its aim is to identify and synthesize all of the scholarly research on a particular topic, including both published and unpublished studies.
Systematic reviews are conducted in an unbiased, reproducible way to provide evidence for practice and policy-making and identify gaps in research.Systematic review questions should be specific and clearly defined.Questions that fit the PICO (problem/patient, intervention, comparison, outcome) format are usually well-suited for the systematic review methodology.It is also a good place to plan out inclusion/exclusion criteria, databases that will be searched, data abstraction and management methods, and how the studies will be assessed for methodological quality. Teams or often composed of subject experts, two or more literature screeners, a librarian to conduct the search, and a statistician to analyze the data. There are many types of bias, including selection, performance, & reporting bias, and assessing the risk of bias of individual studies is an important part of your study design.Do you have the time that it takes to properly conduct a systematic review? Can you afford to have articles in languages other than English translated? Pub Med PMID: 19490148 Aims to demonstrate writer has extensively researched literature and critically evaluated its quality.Having decided what type of literature review you wish to carry out, the next decision to think about is what is best way to present the information to your audience. Review: Dabigatran increases MI and reduces mortality compared with warfarin, enoxaparin, or placebo. Or publish your literature review in a journal article such as: Meier, E. The rest of this research guide will focus on how to write up for publication an analytical review following the PRISMA guidelines (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses).For a small audience such as journal club, grand rounds, or a conference proceedings, an analytical review can be summarised in a short review format such as: Cairns, J. The PRISMA guidelines consist of a 27-item checklist and a four phase flow diagram.The research question determines the search strategy, inclusion criteria, and data that you extract from the selected studies, so it should be clearly defined at the start of the review process. The protocol is the roadmap for the review project.A good protocol outlines study methodology, includes the rationale for the systematic review, and describes the key question broken into PICO components. Having multiple reviewers minimizes bias and strengthens analysis.PRISMA is an evidence-based minimum set of items for reporting in systematic reviews and meta-analyses.The PRISMA guidelines were introduced in the journal article Liberati, A,, Altman, D,, Moher, D, et al. The PRISMA statement for reporting systematic reviews and meta-analyses of studies that evaluate health care interventions: explanation and elaboration. doi:10.1371/1000100 It's a good idea to look at some examples of other review articles that cite this paper to see how the authors reported their systematic review following the PRISMA checklist.