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Just as all people must come to know their place in the "oversoul" of the human family, so must people recognize that all life, physical and spiritual, is holy.For this reason, perhaps, Casy tells Uncle John repeatedly that the only "sin" is what people decide is "sin." It may also be the reason John is presented as such a tortured character: Were he able to simply acknowledge his past, both its good and its bad, rather than judge it, he might live more at peace with himself.Another tension explored in the novel is a dichotomy between words and deeds. As Muley Graves talks about his inability to leave the land to which he has grown so attached, Casy finds himself drawn to "them folks that's gone out on the road." He feels compelled to help them-but not, he feels, as a preacher, for these "Okies" in exile "need help no preachin' can give 'em." Casy tells Muley-who, somewhat like Casy in Chapter 4, has wondered about the appropriate or inappropriate nature of his speaking-that he must talk even if it feels wrong or dangerous: "Sometimes a sad man can talk the sadness right out through his mouth.
She does, however, admit to wondering: "They say there's a hun'erd thousand of us shoved out. When Tom says good-bye to Ma in Chapter 28, we seem to learn that anger can, in fact, yield positive fruit when joined to a knowledge of the "oversoul," the one human family, to which we all belong.
If we was all mad the same way, Tommy-they wouldn't hunt nobody down-" Here, Steinbeck has raised the question of the proper role of anger-appropriately enough, considering the book's title (which echoes images of divine judgment in both Jeremiah and Revelation -20, as well as in the first stanza of "The Battle Hymn of the Republic" [Julia Ward Howe, 1861] . Tom's anger drives him to fight not only for himself but for all the oppressed.
It also delves into the impact of the Great Depression and the nature of parity and fairness in a larger context regarding America.
Thus, this essay presents an in-depth analysis of The Grapes of Wrath, which reveals that the novel develops upon a wide range of themes including hope, class conflict, fanaticism, and commitment as described in the preceding discussions.
It is close to the heart of the new revelation toward which Casy moves as the story continues.
Readers will note it again, for instance, when the Jehovites try unsuccessfully to convince Ma that Granma's death is a good rather than an ill; or again, in the Weedpatch camp, when Mrs.
Moreover, the family is determined to experience a different way of life, which gives them a broader perceptive of the world compared to their traditional life.
In the end, it is obvious that the family has succeeded in terms of understanding and exploring life-time experiences in the face of different challenges.
The theme of hope develops through the character of Ma Joad who struggles to keep her family together despite that the Joads have encountered many deaths, hardships, and deprivations.
In fact, at the end of the narrative, the author describes the family as barely surviving (Steinbeck 455).