Theory Of Knowledge Essays 2005

Theory Of Knowledge Essays 2005-56
Communities of practice are now viewed by many in the business setting as a means to capturing the tacit knowledge, or the know-how that is not so easily articulated.An important aspect and function of communities of practice is increasing organization performance. 836) identify four areas of organizational performance that can be affected by communities of practice: The communities Lave and Wenger studied were naturally forming as practitioners of craft and skill-based activities met to share experiences and insights (Lave & Wenger 1991).

Communities of practice are now viewed by many in the business setting as a means to capturing the tacit knowledge, or the know-how that is not so easily articulated.An important aspect and function of communities of practice is increasing organization performance. 836) identify four areas of organizational performance that can be affected by communities of practice: The communities Lave and Wenger studied were naturally forming as practitioners of craft and skill-based activities met to share experiences and insights (Lave & Wenger 1991).

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In his later work, Wenger (1998) abandoned the concept of legitimate peripheral participation and used the idea of an inherent tension in a duality instead.

He identifies four dualities that exist in communities of practice, participation-reification, designed-emergent, identification-negotiability and local-global, although the participation-reification duality has been the focus of particular interest because of its links to knowledge management.

The Eureka database has been estimated to have saved the corporation $100 million.

Collaboration constellations differ in various ways. Some are under organizational control (e.g., teams, see below) others, like Co Ps, are self-organized or under the control of individuals.

They form a "virtual community of practice" (VCo P) (Dubé, Bourhis & Jacob 2005) when they collaborate online, such as within discussion boards and newsgroups, or a "mobile community of practice" (MCo P) (Kietzmann et al.

2013) when members communicate with one another via mobile phones and participate in community work on the go.Lave and Wenger first used the term communities of practice to describe learning through practice and participation, which they named situated learning.The structure of the community was created over time through a process of legitimate peripheral participation.Cox (2005) offers a more critical view of the different ways in which the term communities of practice can be interpreted.To understand how learning occurs outside the classroom while at the Institute for Research on Learning, Lave and Wenger studied how newcomers or novices to informal groups become established members of those groups (Lave & Wenger 1991).In many organizations, communities of practice have become an integral part of the organization structure (Mc Dermott & Archibald 2010).These communities take on knowledge stewarding tasks that were formerly covered by more formal organizational structures.In some organizations there are both formal and informal communities of practice.There is a great deal of interest within organizations to encourage, support, and sponsor communities of practice in order to benefit from shared knowledge that may lead to higher productivity (Wenger 2004).A famous example of a community of practice within an organization is that which developed around the Xerox customer service representatives who repaired the machines in the field (Brown & Duguid 2000).The Xerox reps began exchanging tips and tricks over informal meetings over breakfast or lunch and eventually Xerox saw the value of these interactions and created the Eureka project to allow these interactions to be shared across the global network of representatives.

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