Thesis On Waste Management In Ghana

Thesis On Waste Management In Ghana-21
These receptacles include polythene bags, propylene sacks, metal bins, and disposing waste into pits dug at the back of the house [10].

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The commercial sources are stores, restaurants, markets, office buildings, hotels, motels, print shops, auto repair shops, medical facilities, and other institutions; while industrial constitutes construction, fabrication, light and heavy manufacturing, refineries, mining, and power plant demolishing [10].

Besides, the domestic remains the highest source of solid waste in the rural areas in Ghana. The composition of solid waste in the urban centers in Ghana is predominantly made of organic (biodegradable) materials and high percentage of plastic waste followed by inert materials which include wood ash, sand, and charcoal [4, 8, 10, 12].

The study systematically sampled houses from which 400 households and respondents were randomly selected.

Pearson’s Chi square test was used to compare demographic and socioeconomic variables in rural and urban areas.

Many factors that jointly account for this include institutional weakness, inadequate financing, poor cost recovery, the lack of clearly defined roles of stakeholders, and the lax attitude of officials and residents [16].

Waste collection methods vary widely between these two settlements.Waste collection became a viable venture from the early 1990s when the German Government supported the Accra Assembly to collect waste from various residential areas and central business district [14, 15].Although the waste collection rate has improved over the past decade due to greater private sector participation, waste services in low-income areas are still inadequate [11].It must be noted that there has been rapid increase in inorganic (plastic waste) waste as a result of changing consumption patterns of the urban dwellers.Again, the organic waste remains the highest in the solid waste composition in the rural areas [1, 2].Urban communities had lower mean scores than rural communities for poor solid waste situation in homes.However, urban communities had higher mean scores than rural communities for poor solid waste situation in principal streets and dumping sites.This can be attributed to the general household consumption pattern in the rural areas where fresh food items like fruits, tubers, roots, and vegetables form the bulk of purchases of the average household.The processing and consumption of these food items generate a lot of organic waste in the home.Multivariate Test, Tests of Between-Subjects Effects, and Pair-Wise Comparisons were performed through one-way MANOVA to determine whether or not solid waste situations in rural and urban areas are significantly different.The results revealed that location significantly affects solid waste management in Ghana.

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