Society, according to Paine, is everything constructive and good that people join together to accomplish.
Government, on the other hand, is an institution whose sole purpose is to protect us from our own vices.
The British government was abusing their power by depriving these civil liberties when they seized control in America.
The pamphlet got its name “Common Sense” for the fact that America had so much potential yet it was being debilitated in growth by a country half way around the world; America was being seized by a country that heavily relied on it for its economic stability and not to mention that Great Britain was a fraction of the size of America in term of land.
The reason the pamphlet was signed anonymously was because of its rebellious content.
It was an instant hit (largest sale of any booked published in America) as it helped clarify the thinking of Americans in terms of politics and society, which ultimately helped them embrace their independence.
Therefore, Paine argues against the government whose rule is determined by tyrants who gained power through heredity.
The British government was trying to integrate too much of their politics in America and Paine felt that the British system was filled with contradictions.
Government has its origins in the evil of man and is therefore a necessary evil at best.
Paine says that government's sole purpose is to protect life, liberty and property, and that a government should be judged solely on the basis of the extent to which it accomplishes this goal.