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All unpublished studies found and articles in the media will be included wherever possible to minimise publication bias.We will include randomised controlled trials, interventional studies, observational studies (including case-control or cohort studies) and pilot studies that compare an image-based monitoring system to any established forms of monitoring already used in clinical practice.The primary intended outcome is a summary of the current availability of image/video-based vital signs monitoring methods and a comparison of the performance of the new technology with other clinically available methods.
This proposed systematic review has been registered with PROSPERO (the International prospective register of systematic reviews): CRD42016029167.
All papers looking at monitoring of HR, BP, RR or Sp O using image analysis with comparison to a clinically validated reference device will be included without limitation on the setting.
Examples of their limitations include the following: Some of these limitations and complications may be avoided by using non-contact, non-invasive monitoring methods in the form of image/video-based monitoring.
There is a huge potential for this type of monitoring in the current era of telemedicine, and the required technology has developed rapidly in the last decade.
We will undertake a systematic review of still and video image-based monitoring methods.
We will perform searches in multiple databases which include MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, Cochrane library, IEEE Xplore and ACM Digital Library.In many clinical settings, these widely available monitors may be sufficient.However, they do have disadvantages which may limit their use in high dependency areas.Several image-based technologies have been explored for vital signs monitoring, and it is our aim to provide a summary of their current availability and performance.We aim to review non-contact, non-invasive image/video-based vital signs monitoring devices in health care and health-related fields.The primary goal is to summarise current image-based vital signs monitoring methods, limited to heart rate, respiratory rate, oxygen saturations and blood pressure.Of particular interest will be the effectiveness of image-based methods compared to reference devices.For many vital signs, monitoring methods require contact with the patient and/or are invasive in nature.There is increasing interest in developing still and video image-guided monitoring methods that are non-contact and non-invasive.We will exclude temperature monitoring which lends itself to infrared imaging and has been extensively studied [8,9,10].Technology which require placement of trackers or monitors on the body will be excluded.