What Is Education Essay

In simple terms, education is the skill of reading, writing and calculating.

Gender differences have recently attracted the attention of sociologists.Both functionalists and conflict theorists view education differently.Functionalists stress the importance of education in transmitting culture, maintaining social control, promoting social and political integration and bringing about or stimulating social change and modernization. This approach dominated the analysis of education in the early post-war decades. Critics from the New Right movement have focused on the charge that schools and colleges fail to prepare people for jobs.Education has become a vast and complex institution throughout the world.It prepares citizens for various roles demanded by other social institutions, such as the family, government and the economy.On the other hand, education is a powerful instrument which shapes the future destiny of society.Education, in its modern form, is the process of teaching and learning, usually at school, college or university premises.Young child learned knowledge and skills, what they needed to know about the day-to-day life and trade of their parents informally by imitating the older members of society.In these societies, the training of new members about the adult roles was accomplished informally, but in more complex societies of industrial type required great and diverse formal systematic training for which societal educational institutions of modern types slowly developed, along with the specialized role of teacher.Educa­tional sociologists looked at schools as agencies of cultural production and purveyors of a hidden curriculum.They have contended that a wide range of material, cultural and cognitive factors likely to depress intellectual devel­opment.

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